Tribes and People of Ancient Thrace

The ancient Greek historian and geographer Strabo documented twenty-two Thracian tribes. Modern historians now list up to eighty.
The main Thracian tribes and the neighbouring tribes that were most likely Illyrian are listed below from the quoted sources:
Mellish Liz , Nick Green; Romania and Balkan History pages - Thracians
Κουρτίδης Κωνσταντίνος Γ.; Ιστορία της Θράκης
Γενική Γραμματεία Περιφέρειας Ανατ. Μακεδονίας και Θράκης - Θράκη

Map Gentes Thraciae Eliznik

Αγριάνες / Αγρίαι.
The Agriai lived on the high barren Σκόμιον and on the north-east Rodope mountains. They grew cattle and fought as mercenaries to the Odrysae, the Athenians and the Romans
From the mouth of the river Ebros to the north of the Thracian Chersonese, the peninsula with the town of Galipoli, now in Turkey. They are known to have raided the Greek towns on the Chersonese.
Living to the north-east of the Agriai.
A warlike tribe of robbers in the city of Βιζύη.
Βήσσοι / Βέσσοι
The Bessoi belonged to the tribe of Satrai. They inhabited the mountain regions on the upper course of the river Mesta (Nestos / Νέστος) to the north of the Odrasae. They invented the technique of undermining enemy fortifications either entering the cities throught eh tunnels or causing the city the walls to collapse.  The Bessoi are known to have continued to speak their own language in 570 AD.
Settling in the valey of the river Στρυμών and extending to the north of Amphipolis and to Herakleia Sintika. They were possibly a Pelasgian people.
Βιθυνοί / Θύνοι
By the 5th century BC the Bithynοi were practically independent from Persia. The Bithynian chief, called Doedalsus, unified the Thracians in north west Asia Minor and founded the Bithynian kingdom. In the 4th century BC the region came under Alexander's general Antigonus followed by Lysimachus, followed by the Bithynians retaking the region. Nicea and Nicomedia (now Iznik and Izmit in Turkey) were the main towns, with Prusa (Bursa) being founded by king Prusias I. The Bithynians remained mostly independent until 75 BC when the kingdom was bequeathed to Rome by Prusias’ grandson. The names of the Thracian tribes continued through to the Roman provinces of Blythia and Mysia.
A district in southern Thrace on the coast to the east of Abdera. Biston was the son of Κίκων in Greek mythology. The lake Βιστονίς has been named after them. Diomedes was famous in Mythology for being himself and his people wild and bloodhtursty. He bred horses so untamed that they would bite to death anyone they were not familiar with. Herakles faught and killed Diomedes, and founded the cioty of Abdera around his tomb in honour of his companion Αβδηρος who was killed by Diomedes' horses.
A tribe of robbers north of the Korpiloi
Brygoi, Bryges, Phryges
Βρύγoi, Βρίγες
An ancient Thracian tribe from mount Βέρμιον in Macedonia. They moved to Anatolia in the 12th century BC to become the Phrygians. A group stayed on the Greek mainland east of the Κεραυνίων mountains where they stayed into the historical times.
Dakians / Dacae
Δακοί / Δάκες / Δάοι
The Dacians lived in the Carpathian Mountains in present Transylvania. They were linguistically closely related he Getae inhabiting the lands southeast of them along the banks of the lower Danube. They appeared in the 2nd century BC and made close connections with the Romans. This “late” appearing on the Balkan Peninsula does mean that they were new people. They were unified not before the 1st century BC, in the large but short-lived state of their king Burebista. In the 3rd and 4th century they underwent the invasion of the Goths and Scythians who finally occupied their lands.
Δενθαλήται / Δενθελήται / Δενθηλάται.
The Dantheletai lived mainly in the northernmost part of the Strymon in Macedonia to the north of the Sapaians and to the south of the Serdoi.
Δαρδάνιοι / Δάρδανοι
The tribe living to the northern and western most regions of the Thracians, of Thraco-Pelasgonian origin.
On the left side of the Strymon river between the Dantheletai and the Bessoi.
Δίοι οι Μαχαιροφόροι
Thucydides of Greece said that the Dioi of the Rodope mountains were the most warlike troops among the infantry.
Δόβηρες A warlike tribe settling to the south of Paeonia.
A peaceful people of the Thracian Chersonese, who profited from the culture of the Greek colonies.
Δερσαίοι / Δερραίοι
A small warlike tribe living on the northern mountains to the west of the river Strymon.
A small warlike tribe living on the northern mountains to the west of the river Strymon.
Ηδωνοί / Ηδωνες / Ωδονες
Around Mount Pangaeus (Παγγαίον). One part of these Thracians were known by the Greeks as the Panaioi. Pan probably comes from the Thracian word *pan(s)- meaning a swamp or bog.
The Getae lived between the Balkan mountains in the south, neighbouring the Scythians to the east, and the Moesoi to the west, approximately the area of Dobrogea/Dobrudza and Romanian Muntenia. The Romanians place them as early Dacians, the Bulgarians claim them to be Thracian, but as all the Danubian tribes were probably related both views may be true. The Greek Herodotus mentions a royal marriage between the Getae and Scythians.
To the north and east of the Korpiloi and the Apsinthioi a few miles from the city of Kypsela (Κύπσελα).
Kikones / Cicones
The Kikones were a tribe of highly developed culture in the region between the Biston lake and the lower course of the Ebros (Εβρος / Maritsa) river.
Little known Thracian tribe between the mountains Aimos and Rodope.
Κορέλλοι / Κόραλλοι
Robbers, neighbours of the Kainoi.
North of the Paitoi along the navigable portion of the Ebros river, A tribe of robers
Κρόβυζοι / Κρύβυζοι
To the north-east of Mount Aimos along the river Istros to the coast of the Black Sea.
Maidoi / Medoi / Maedoi
Neighbours of the Odomantes to the north in the mountainous region in Pirin Bulgaria along the Struma (Στρυμών, Στρυμόνας) valley river. Their towns are now called Sandanski and Petrich.
Μοίσοι / Μυσοί
The Moesians (Mysians) ruled the lands between the Danube and Balkan mountains (Stara Planina), and possibly also north of the Danube. The Romans defeated them in the first century BC, and by 28 BC their name was given to the extensive Roman province which included all the lands south of the Danube from the Black Sea to the Sava. Under the pressure of invading Getae and Scyths Mysians also moved to Asia Minor living among the Lydians, Phrygians and Trojans. The names of the Thracian tribes in Asia Minor continued through to the Roman provinces of Blythia and Mysia.
Μύγδονες και Σίθωνες
Pierians who settled in the region of Mygdonia or Mygdn, between the rivers Αξιός and Στρυμόνας, to the north of lake Βόλβη, in the 7th century BC. The peninsula of Σιθωνία in Chalkidike was named after their settlement.
Neighbors of the Bisaltai on the coast to the east of the river Στρυμών. They have been involved in metal mining.
Odrysae /Odrisoi / Odrisai
The Odrysae were the most powerful Thracian tribe since the 5th century BC. They were based in the central Thracian plain with towns at, or near, the modern towns of Plovdiv, Asenovgrad, Kazanlak, and Stara Zagora, however their empire extended from the Black Sea coast along along the Agean coast to Abdera (now Αβδηρα in Greece) and included the town of Uscudama (now Edirne in Turkey). The Odrysae were the nucleus of the Thracian kingdoms founded by Teres I (Τήρης Α') and grown to prosperity under his on Sitalkes (Σιτάλκης).
Possibly identical to the Satrai.
A small tribe of little importance at around the mouth of the Ebros river.
A small warlike tribe living on the northern mountains to the west of the river Strymon.
Paeonia is now in the Republic of Macedonia, north of ancient Macedonia where the Vardar (Βαρδάρης, Αξιός) river goes through narrows, west of the Thracians of the Struma (Στρυμών / Στυμόνας) valley. The Paeonians are documented by Herodotus, then five centuries later by Strabo, then two centuries later Dio Cassius places the Paeonians in a larger area up to and along the Danube. Paenia united many different Thracian tribes, the Παίονες, Σιροπαίονες, Γρααίοι, Λαιαίοι, Παιόπλαι and Παναίοι. They were a warlike people and ravaged the country of their neighbours and of Macedonia. They were subdued by the Macedonian Philip II.
A cultured people with a love for music and poetry. Originaly from the region north of mount Olympos, they were driven away by the Temenidai from Argos in the 7th century BC and settled at the feet of mount Παγγαίον. The Pierian gulf at the coast was named after them. Some of these thracians also settled in the lands between the rivers Αξιός and Στρυμόνας in Mygdonia.
Probably also known as the Brygoi, Bryges, Phryges and Brigians. They are thought to have moved in to west and central Anatolia from Thrace around 1200 BC. Their language is thought to be linked to modern Armenian. Herodotus records an account that the Phrygians once lived in Macedonia and were removed to Asia Minor.
Σαπαίοι / Σιντοί
In prehistoric times the inhabitants of the region of Abdera (Αβδηρα) and the island of Samothrace (Σαμοθράκη) originally called Σίντιες. One of the largest Thracian races employed in metal mining before the 8th century BC. This they learned from the Thasians, which later they drove out of their countries. The war of the Macedonian king Perseus against the Sapaians was the cause for the Romans to do away with the Macedonian kingdom.
Σάτραι / Σατροκένται
The tribe of Satrai lived in the moutains between the Mesta (Νέστος) and Struma (Στρυμών / Στυμόνας) rivers.
Serdoi Serdica (now Sofia) was named after the Serdi Thracian tribe.
Sintians The Sintians were located between the Paeonians and Maedi.
On the southern foot of mount Aimos at the coast of the Black Sea (Εύξεινος Πόντος).
Scordiscoi The Scordiscoi are thought to have been a Celtic tribe, possibly assimilated with Illyrians and Thracians, that lived where the river Sava meets the Danube, around Belgrad in modern Serbia.
A warlike Thracian tribe.
North-east region of the Rodope mountains.
Thynoi The Thynoi lived in south eastern Thrace and their terror reportedly prevented Greek settlement in that area.
The Triballoi lived between the Morava and the Danube, their rule extending across the plains of north western Bulgaria. They rose cattle and were mercenaries for a living. Their history ends after Alexander's death and the invasion of Celtic tribes. The memory of the Triballοi as a once great and powerful tribe continued, even being applied to the later Serb peoples.

to the north-east of the Krobyzoi.
Τρήρες / Τιλαταίοι
The Treres were neighbours of the Triballoi living to the north of Mount Σκόμιον.

Map Gentes Thrakiae Genike Grammateia Makedonias-Thrakes
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   Tribes, Dynasts and Kingdoms of Thrace