Collection of Coins of the Samanids

Samanid Khwarizm Chorasan Transoxiana Map

  Samanid Transoxiana Map

   The Samanid Empire (Persian: سامانیان‎, Sāmāniyān, also known as the Samanian Empire, Samanid dynasty, Samanid Emirate, or simply Samanids) was a Sunni Iranian empire from 819 to 999. The empire was centred in Khorasan and Transoxiana; at its greatest extent encompassing modern-day Afghanistan, large parts of Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, parts of Kazakhstan and Pakistan at its greatest extent.
   Four brothers Nuh, Ahmad, Yahya, and Ilyas founded the Samanid state. Each of them ruled territory under Abbasid suzerainty. In 892, Ismail Samani (892–907) united the Samanid state under one ruler, thus effectively putting an end to the feudal system used by the Samanids. It was also under him that the Samanids became independent of Abbasid authority.
   The Samanid Empire is part of the Iranian Intermezzo, which saw the creation of a Persianate culture and identity that brought Iranian speech and traditions into the fold of the Islamic world. Later leading to the formation of the Turko-Persian culture.
The Samanids promoted the arts, giving rise to the advancement of science and literature, and thus attracted scholars such as Rudaki, Ferdowsi, and Avicenna. While under Samanid control, Bukhara was a rival to Baghdad in its glory. Scholars note that the Samanids revived Persian language and culture more than the Buyids and the Saffarids while continuing to patronize Arabic for sciences as well as the religious studies. They considered themselves to be descendants of the Sasanian Empire. In a famous edict, Samanid authorities declared that "here, in this region, the language is Persian, and the kings of this realm are Persian kings." [Wikipedia]

819-841 AD   Nuh ibn Asad  
819-861 AD   Yahya ibn Asad
819-864 AD   Ahmad ibn Asad
864-892 AD   Nasr I
ibn Ahmad  
892-907 AD   Ismail ibn Ahmad  
907-914 AD   Ahmad II ibn Ismail
 914 AD   Ishaq ibn Ahmad
914-943 AD   Nasr II ibn Ahmad  
915-920 AD   Ahmad ibn Sahl
 921-922 AD   Layla ibn Numan
927-931 AD   Yahya ibn Ahmad
943-954 AD   Nuh I ibn Nasr  
947 AD   Ibrahim ibn Ahmad
954-961 AD   Abd al-Malik I ibn Nuh
961-976 AD   Mansur I ibn Nuh I  
976-997 AD   Nuh II ibn Mansur I  
997-999 AD   Mansur II ibn Nuh II

   Islamic Kingdoms